Not to be confused with the Golden Retriever The Golden Labrador is not a purebred dog. Find the dog breed that is right for you. [25] California Assembly Act AB 1634 was a bill introduced in 2007 that would require all non-working dogs of mixed breed over the age of 6 months to be neutered or spayed. Name Image Notes Alaunt: Large running dogs used during the Middle Ages to seize and bring down game for the hunter to dispatch; they were described as having the body of a greyhound with a broad and short brachycephalic type head. Most of these breeds were developed within the last 200 years using only small numbers of founders. The dogs were selectively bred as either sled dogs or as hunting dogs, which implies that a sled dog standard and a hunting dog standard existed at that time. The St. Bernard was one of the first breeds of dogs to be documented and differentiated from other large farm dogs of the area. When distinguishing breed from type, the rule of thumb is that a breed always "breeds true". See the lists of dog breeds that these important breed registries allow: From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_dog_breeds&oldid=7219378, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. These breeds can vary in size and weight from a 0.46 kg (1.0 lb) teacup poodle to a 90 kg (200 lb) giant mastiff. Here you find Dog Breeds from A to Z. The skull, body, and limb proportions vary significantly between breeds, with dogs displaying more phenotypic diversity than can be found within the entire order of carnivores. We considered various features to make each description informative. Purebred dog breeders of today "have inherited a breeding paradigm that is, at the very least, a bit anachronistic in light of modern genetic knowledge, and that first arose out of a pretty blatant misinterpretation of Darwin and an enthusiasm for social theories that have long been discredited as scientifically insupportable and morally questionable. Gundogs, including Pointers, Retrievers, and Spaniels The study indicated that throughout history, global dog populations experienced numerous episodes of diversification and homogenization, with each round further reducing the power of genetic data derived from modern breeds to help infer their early history. 1 Nintendogs (DS) 1.1 Table 1.2 Visual 1.2.1 Chihuahua & Friends 1.2.2 Labrador & Friends 1.2.3 Dachshund & Friends 1.2.4 Dalmatian & Friends 1.2.5 Best Friends 1.2.6 Chihuahua & Friends (JAP) 1.2.7 Shiba Inu & Friends 1.2.8 Dachshund & Friends (JAP) 2 Nintendogs + Cats (3DS) 2.1 Table 2.2 Visual 2.2.1 French Bulldog & New Friends 2.2.2 Golden Retriever & New Friends / Shiba Inu & New … By the end of the Victorian era, society had changed and so did the role of dogs. The domestic dog is the first species, and the only large carnivore, to have been domesticated. [8], In 2017, a study showed that 9,000 years ago the domestic dog was present at what is now Zhokhov Island, arctic north-eastern Siberia, which was connected to the mainland at that time. They share ancestry with the Pekingese, Japanese Chin, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Tibetan Terrier and Pug. [18], The 2012 study found that modern breeds only emerged in the 19th century and that claims of their antiquity are based on little or no historical or empirical evidence. They are distinctive from the modern breeds because the genetic heritage of the modern breeds has become blurred due to admixture, and the basal breeds have mostly avoided admixture with them due to geographic or cultural barriers. A dog breed is a particular strain or dog type that was purposefully bred by humans to perform specific tasks, such as herding, hunting, and guarding. However, the United Kennel Club recognizes one breed of feist, the Treeing Feist, while the American Kennel Club does not recognize any feist breed. A puppy with a poodle and a … The spread of modern dog breeds has been difficult to resolve because many are the products of the controlled breeding practices of the Victorian era (1830–1900). Prior to the Victorian era, there were different types of dogs that were defined by their function. Detailed profiles of more than 200 dog breeds. They have been used as herding dogs, guard dogs, military dogs, eyes for the blind and as pets between others. M Molossers‎ (9 P) S Spaniels‎ (8 P) T Terriers‎ (18 P) Pages in category "Dog breeds" Mastiff-type dogs were kept for guarding and hunting, and short-legged dogs were also bred. Most breeds were derived from small numbers of founders within the last 200 years. [18], As dogs are a subspecies but their breeds are distinct genetic units, and because only certain breeds share the same type of cancers as humans, the differences in the genes of different breeds may be useful in human medical research. The study found that dog breeds were so genetically distinct that 99% of individual dogs could be correctly assigned to their breed based on their genotype, indicating that breeding barriers (pure-bred breeding) have led to distinct genetic units. Recognized dog breeds are classified by groups, such as Hound, Terrier, Working, Herding, Sporting, Non-Sporting, Toy and Miscellaneous; some groups may be further subdivided by some registries. Dogs of same breed have similar characteristics of appearance and behavior, primarily because they come from a select set of ancestors who had the same characteristics. This category is for domestic dog breeds. The first dogs were certainly wolflike, but the phenotypic changes that coincided with the dog–wolf genetic divergence are not known. Dog breeds are often grouped in different ways, such as: Dog breeds are also sometimes grouped into similar types, such as Mastiff types, spitz types, pit bulls, or Lurchers. These 9 breeds had been referred to as "ancient breeds". In contrast, modern dog breeds are particular breed standards, sharing a common set of heritable characteristics, determined by the kennel club that recognizes the breed. There are over 340 dog breeds known throughout the world. [44], Group of closely related and visibly similar domestic dogs, "Dog10K: An international sequencing effort to advance studies of canine domestication, phenotypes, and health", "Analysis of Genetic Variation in 28 Dog Breed Populations With 100 Microsatellite Markers", Origins of the dog: domestication and early history, "Genome-wide SNP and haplotype analyses reveal a rich history underlying dog domestication", "Rethinking dog domestication by integrating genetics, archeology, and biogeography", "Canine Genetics Offers New Mechanisms for the Study of Human Cancer", "The New Breed Of Municipal Dog Control Laws:Are They Constitutional? As a rule, people select a pet which can mirror their individuality and match their main traits of character. [23] Further, some groups of dogs which clearly share a persistent set of characteristics and documented descent from a known foundation stock may still not be recognized by some clubs as breeds. The combination of introgression and past population bottlenecks suggested that basal breeds have little or no genetic connections to their ancestral populations and that their genetic distinctiveness does not signify ancient heritage. [26] The bill was morally controversial, leading the American Kennel Club to fight the bill. They also possess behavioral traits including herding, guarding, and hunting, in addition to personality traits such as aggression, boldness, or hypersocial behavior. These breeds possess distinct morphological traits including body size, skull shape, tail phenotype, fur colour and fur type. … The best way to determine the temperament of a mixed breed is to look up all breeds in the cross and know you can get any combination of any of the characteristics found in either breed. A dog is a friend that never betrays the master. At death, the heads of the dogs had been carefully separated from their bodies by humans, probably for ceremonial reasons. The Chinook is a rare breed of sled dog, developed in the state of New Hampshire during the early 20th century. Breeds are usually categorized by the functional type from which the breed was developed. Includes personality, history, dog pictures, dog health info, and more. These included spitz-breeds, toy dogs, spaniels, Mastiff-like breeds, small terriers, retrievers, herding dogs, scent-hounds, and sight-hounds. ", "Standards of the Breeds: Group 5 – Working", "Get Started - Register Your Mixed Breed Dog With AKC Canine Partners", "List of Breeds by Group – American Kennel Club", "Gender, age, breed and distribution of morbidity and mortality in insured dogs in Sweden during 1995 and 1996", "Mortality in insured Swedish dogs: rates and causes of death in various breeds", "Longevity and mortality of owned dogs in England", "Comparative Longevity of Pet Dogs and Humans: Implications for Gerontology Research", How fashion has left this dog gasping for air, Vets warn people against buying 'flat-faced' dogs, "Genetic Resources and Their Conservation", Fédération Cynologique Internationale breeds nomenclature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dog_breed&oldid=998168663, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 03:59. Without such proof, identification of a specific breed is not reliable. Other temperaments may be due to the legacies of 'ancient' ancestry.[20]. Kennel clubs provide the recognition of distinct dog breeds, but there are many independent clubs with differing, and sometimes inconsistent standards and they need not apply scientific standards. [40][41], A mongrel, mixed-breed dog or mutt is a dog that does not belong to one officially recognized breed but can be a mix of two breeds and is not the result of intentional breeding. The dog breed, Akita, originated in the snowy and rural lands of Akita and Odate, mountainous regions of Japan. : Alpine Mastiff [7] They became the guardians of their country's breed standards. [29] Included in the breed standard description are externally observable aspects of appearance and behaviour that are considered by the breed club to be the most important for the breed, and externally observable details of appearance or temperament that are considered by the breed club to be unacceptable (called faults). The original Schnauzer was of the same size as the modern Standard Schnauzer breed and was bred as a rat-catcher and guard dog.The Giant Schnauzer and the Miniature Schnauzer were … People have carefully bred dogs for thousands of years. [1] Dogs are the most variable mammal on earth, with artificial selection producing around 450 globally recognized dog breeds. It can help you pick a dog or just help you … [4] Driven by dog shows and the groups that hosted them, the term dog breed took on an entirely new meaning. The study found that the Pharaoh Hound and Ibizan Hound were not as old as once believed; rather, they had been recreated from combinations of other breeds, and that the Norwegian Elkhound grouped with the other European dogs despite reports of direct Scandinavian origins dating back 5,000 years.[15]. (There are hundreds, it's impossible to have a page on all of them.) Dog breeds are often grouped in different ways, such as: Hunting dogs; Hounds, including Sight hounds and Scent hounds. These breeds possess distinct traits related to morphology, which include body size, skull shape, tail phenotype, fur type, and coat colour. The German Shepherd (German: Deutscher Schäferhund), also known as the Alsatian, is a breed of medium-large dog. Dog breed, for information about what a dog breed is. It is becoming popular to breed together two different breeds of dogs and call the new dog's breed a name that is a mixture of the parents' breeds' two names. Sometimes they inbreed dogs who have the same close ancestors, and sometimes they mix dogs from very different ancestors or even from different breeds. Animal Planet. See each article for more information. These are names that dogs use for Dog Breeds.. Trending pages. [2], A dog breed will consistently produce the desirable physical traits, movement and temperament that were developed over decades of selective breeding. A typical brachycephalic molossoid type breed, the Bordeaux is a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body. The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French mastiff breed—and one of the oldest French dog breeds. Other dogs were more massive at 30 kg (66 lb) and appear to be dogs that had been crossed with wolves and used for polar-bear hunting. Form was given a more prominent role than function. Our website presents dog breeds. Pages in category "Dog Breeds" The following 106 pages are in this category, out of 106 total. Assyrian dog Inscription-assyrian mastiff History-Pshdar dog-Assyrian Dog-Babylon dog.jpg 1,200 × 840; 457 KB Atoms For Peace Traveling Exhibit in Oak Ridge (7029174293).jpg 3,000 × 2,400; 909 KB Australian Shepherd Portrait.jpg 2,048 × 1,369; 215 KB Dog types are broad categories of domestic dogs based on form, function or style of work, lineage, or appearance. [9], Between 3,000 and 4,000 years ago greyhound-type dogs were depicted on pottery and paintings in Egypt and Western Asia. This page was last changed on 19 December 2020, at 12:01. [43] This environment included humans but with little or no selective breeding by humans. Visit Animal Planet now to take the dog breed quiz and find out. Kennel Clubs maintain breed standards, record pedigrees in a breed registry (or studbook), and issue the rules for conformation dog shows and trials and accreditation of judges. [27], The Canadian department of agriculture has strict standards for the documenting of what it calls "evolving breeds".[28]. The Kennel Club in the UK was founded in 1873, and was the world's first national kennel club and breed registry. [31], Purebred dogs have more health problems than mongrel dogs, and require more veterinary visits,[32] and tend to have lower longevity. "Ancient breed" is a term formerly, but no longer, used for a particular group of dog breeds by the American Kennel Club. Standing 21 to 27 inches in height at the withers and weighing 55 to 90 pounds, the Chinook is balanced and muscular. Strong artificial selection has developed around 450 globally recognized breeds. Feists have a consistent set of characteristics that reliably differentiate them from other dog types and breeds. This list includes common breeds, rare breeds, and breeds that are still being developed into new breeds. In 2004, a study looked at the microsatellites of 414 purebred dogs representing 85 breeds. [35][36] [13], Domestic dogs are the most variable of mammals. A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance (), homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species.In literature, there exist several slightly deviating definitions. Dog show competitions included best in breed winners, and the purebreds were winning. Many different terms were used to describe dogs, such as breed, strain, type, kind, and variety. The American Kennel Club recognizes 197 breeds. A dog breed is represented by a sufficient number of individuals to stably transfer its specific characteristics over generations. It was first developed in Germany.They are often used as police dogs, but they have many other uses. The domestic dog is the first species, and the only large carnivore, to have been domesticated. 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